1. The Buddha – The ideal or highest spiritual potential that exists within all beings
  2. The Dharma – The teachings of the Buddha, the path to Enlightenment.
  3. The Sangha – The community of teachers and fellow meditators

The following chant is often used:

Buddham saranam gacchāmi     I go for refuge in the Buddha.

Dhammam saranam gacchāmi   I go for refuge in the Dharma.

Sangham saranam gacchāmi      I go for refuge in the Sangha